Types of Apprenticeships

An apprenticeship or traineeship is a great way of combining training and practical hands-on experience so you can pursue your career in the trade industry. If you, or someone you know are thinking of starting an apprenticeship or traineeship and aren’t too sure where to begin, here’s some inspiration below on the various types of apprenticeships and the work they undertake, to give you some motivation and an idea of what you would be getting into.

Get in touch if you want to find out more about the different types of apprenticeships and traineeships, or what career path might be suitable for you – 13 30 24


Automotive Mechanic (Light Vehicle)

Job summary: The apprentice undertaking this role will primarily service and repair the mechanical parts of motor vehicles such as the engine, transmission (clutch, gear box and differential) and the suspension systems (springs, steering, brakes, wheels and tyres). The apprentice will also perform tasks including: discussing problems with vehicle drivers to discover faults and carrying out their own diagnostic procedures; repair and service cooling systems, fuel systems, air conditioning and emission control systems, clutch assemblies, manual and automatic transmissions, braking systems and final drive assemblies. The repair of ignition, electronic engine management and electrical systems are also encompassed in the motor mechanic’s duties. With the rapid changes in automotive technology, motor mechanics are becoming more specialised in their areas of work.


Automotive Glazing

Automotive Vehicle Body Serviceperson (Vehicle Glazing)
Job summary: The trainee undertaking this role will be working in a workshop or in a mobile service unit. Vehicle Glaziers repair and/or replace windscreens and side and rear glass in motor vehicles. Specifically, the duties include:
> undertaking laminated windscreen repairs;
> removing damaged windscreens and/or side and rear glass;
> removing moulds and trims from around damaged autoglass;
> repair/replace damaged autoglass frames, moulds, window winding mechanisms; and
> install pre-cut/shaped autoglass according to the vehicle manufacturer’s specifications.


Panel Beating

Job summary: The apprentice undertaking this role will repair damage to metal, plastic and fibreglass bodywork on vehicles and make and form vehicle panels using machines or hand tools. Specifically, the duties involve determining vehicle damage and recommended repair procedure, removing damaged panels, fixing dents, using mechanical and hydraulic equipment to straighten and realign chassis and body frames and using oxy-acetylene and welding equipment to cut and join replacement sections or damaged panels. Apprentices also learn to fill depressions with plastic fillers and file, grind and sand repaired surfaces using power and hand tools.


Spray Painting

Automotive Vehicle Body Tradesperson (Vehicle Painting)
Job summary: The apprentice undertaking this role will undertake such tasks as:
removing rough spots on vehicle panels
sanding surfaces using hand or power tools
carrying out masking procedures
colour matching and mixing paints
applying primer and finishing coats and polishing, and waxing the finished paint work.


Building and Construction Apprenticeships


Job summary: The apprentice will: carry out setting out, construct wall frames, ceiling frames, pitched roofs, eaves, external stairs, flooring systems, install windows and doors.



Job summary: The apprentice will lay bricks and blocks, construct masonry walls, stairs, corners, curved walls, structural masonry systems, piers and columns.


Cabinet Making

Job summary: The apprentice will train in areas of:
> using furniture sector hand and power tools
> assemble furniture components
> select and apply hardware
> join solid timber
> hand make timber joints
> setup, operate and maintain basic static machines
> apply manufactured board conversion techniques
> construct furniture using leg and rail method
> fabricate custom furniture
> install furnishing products
> produce manual and computer aided production drawings
> prepare cutting lists from plans and job specifications
> prepare surfaces for finishing
> read and interpret work documents
> estimate and cost jobs
> handle dangerous goods/hazardous substances.



Job summary: The apprentice will undertake the following duties: lay out, test and maintain pipes, fixtures, metal roofing, fittings, gas meters, regulators, units and appliances. They install equipment such as boilers, pumps, heating and cooling systems, natural gas appliances, water tanks, water heaters and solar water heating systems. They may also install, maintain and repair pipes in storm water or sewerage systems and drains, septic tanks, holding wells, sullage pits and absorption tracks. In some cases plumbers may be licensed to perform a limited range of services such as draining or gas fitting.



Job summary: The apprentice will apply paint by brush and roller, apply texture coat paint finishes, apply clear stains, match specified paint colours, apply decorative finishes, apply wall paper and treat lead paint hazards.


Plastering (Solid)

Job summary: The apprentice will apply set coats and render, texture coats to straight and curved surfaces, install precast and decorative mouldings and restore and renovate solid plasterwork.


Plastering (Wall and Ceiling Lining [previously Fibrous Plastering])

Job summary: The apprentice will assemble partitions, install and finish plasterboard and fibre cement sheeting to walls and ceilings.


Roof Tiling

Job summary: The apprentice will tile regular and irregular roofs, repair and renovate tile roofs.


Tiling (Wall & Floor)

Job summary: The apprentice will fix and lay wall tiles, carry out mosaic and decorative tiling and tile curved surfaces.


Electrical Trades


Job summary: Select, install, set up, test, fault find, repair and maintain electrical systems and equipment in buildings and premises. It includes ERAC requirements for an “Electrician’s licence”.



Commercial Cookery

Job summary: This qualification provides the skills and knowledge for an individual to be competent as a qualified chef. Work would be undertaken in various hospitality enterprises where food is prepared and served, including restaurants, hotels, clubs, pubs, cafes, cafeterias and coffee shops. Individuals may have some responsibility for others and provide technical advice and support to a team.


Hospitality Operations Level 3

Job summary: This qualification provides the skills and knowledge for an individual to be competent in skilled operations with the need to apply discretion and judgement. Work would be undertaken in various hospitality settings, such as restaurants, hotels, motels, clubs, pubs, cafes and coffee shops. Individuals may have some responsibility for others and provide technical advice and support to a team.


Mechanical & Engineering

Diesel Fitting

Job summary: Apprentices would generally be involved in the repair, servicing and maintenance of heavy earthmoving and agricultural machinery. The work may also involve the repair, servicing and maintenance of large marine engines, heavy lift vehicles and stationary plant equipment (ie: lift motors, generating sets etc). It would also be expected that the apprentice would perform these duties on engines, cooling systems, automatic transmissions, brakes, clutches, gear boxes, fuel pumps, axel assemblies and electrical equipment related to these items. Whilst the apprentice would use a wide range of hand tools and electrical/air power tools, the apprentice would also need to use the following: welding equipment; hydraulic presses; cranes or gantries; tuning equipment; lathes (milling and other attachments optional); and the necessary specialised equipment required to carry out these duties (ie: various pressure testers, valve servicing equipment, brake servicing equipment, ring compressors, pulling or bearing equipment etc.).


Boiler Maker

Job summary: The apprentice will generally work with heavy gauge steel: cutting, shaping, assembling and welding. Typically, they work for heavy engineering companies involved in the production, fabrication and development of items manufactured from plate materials, generally in steel of varying thickness but can be involved with non-ferrous materials. They may also be employed in the construction industry putting together steel components for major structures – buildings, bridges etc. Another application of the skill could involve the manufacture of cooling towers, pressure vessels, hoppers, mining equipment, excavation buckets, large trailer bodies, smoke stacks, transformer containers, storage bins and large pipe work.
Other work may involve the development and fabrication of structural items such as: building supports, structural beams, gantries, crane carriages and jibs. The apprentice would normally be involved in the use of the following materials: I-beam, angle iron, U-sections, square, oblong or round section and some plastic material. They would be expected to use specialist measuring equipment, a range of hand tools and work from detailed drawings. Apprentices would be expected to use the following equipment: MIG, submerged arc, oxy and other welding equipment, oxy/gas cutting equipment (straight line, profile, multihead), rollers, metal forming and shaping machines, marking out tables, friction saws, grinders (hand and pedestal), air arc gouges and a range of portable hand tools. Involvement in this type of work would require an enclosed and well equipped workshop.
The apprentice will construct or repair metal products by joining parts using a variety of welding methods either manually or by machine. These parts are used to complete structures and equipment. Welders may specialise in certain types of welding, such as custom fabrication, ship building and repair, pressure vessel welding, pipeline construction welding, structural construction welding or machinery and equipment repair welding..


Fitter and Turner

Job summary: Apprentices would generally be involved in the setting up of machinery to enable the manufacture of engineering products; repair and replacement of components, parts or other items; installation of plant and machinery; design and manufacture of modifications to existing components parts and other items; maintenance of plant and equipment; and construction and commissioning work. Duties may also involve the repair of shipping machinery (ie: winches, glands, drive shafts, turbines etc) and power station maintenance. The apprentice would normally work in a workshop but may on occasion perform work away from his normal workplace.
Apprentices involved in this type of work would work in an enclosed and well equipped workshop, use specialist measuring equipment and a range of hand tools, work from detailed drawings and be expected to use the following equipment:- welding equipment; lathes; milling machinery; grinding machinery; hydraulic presses; thread cutting machinery; CNC & NC lathes or machining equipment; hydraulic copying equipment; tool cutting and grinding equipment; gear cutting machinery; and boring equipment. The apprentice may operate metal/ceramic spraying equipment, hydraulic test equipment and undertake the treatment of metals (oil baths, furnaces, gas or electric ovens etc).